Tag Archives: paintings

Art of Romanticism

The magnificent Art of Romanticism. In 1861 Italians united Italy. After some battles. Thanks also to a great engagement of artists. All the kingdoms disappear to let space to a unique country. The process that brought all the country under the same king started in 1815, after the Congress of Vienna. We call this period Risorgimento (Resurgence). It gave the chance to Italy to change its shape. People worked hard to reach the goal and art gave an important contribution to it. Art of Romanticism became the flag of the movement.

The ability of the art to make a revolution impress me a lot. This happens many times, in almost all the eras, especially in the last centuries. Anyway, who loves art has an interest in analyzing the historical context. Not only. Who loves art want to pay attention to the techniques. It’s amazing how artists changed the way to paint in the 19th century. I like a lot of painting and sculptures and going around the Italian museums and exhibitions I saw the evolution of the style. Also the differences among the artworks of the various artists of the same period.

Art of Romanticism: the 19th-century revolution

Romanticism started at the end of the 18th century. When the new generation of artists understood that Neoclassicism wasn’t influencing anymore the society, they started to search for something new. They changed completely the way to express their ideas and point of view. The art of Romanticism has various features. Romanticism canceled the Neoclassical reasoning, control, geometric perfection and, above all, imitation of the art of the ancients.

Not all the artists of the period made a radical change, but most of them yes. They wanted to draw a line to separate the past from the present. Their style was dominated by unbridled passion, strong feelings and a renewed fervor for the religious world. Moreover, if the neoclassical artist was convinced that the perfection of art had been reached by the ancients, the romantic drew, instead, inspiration from the dark and mysterious world of the Middle Ages. That period until then had been considered a period of no importance and purely negative.

Art of Romanticism in Italy

Who loves art can easily understand how nice is a journey into the art of Romanticism. That period is really amazing because it takes people into modern art. The paintings are not only a representation of a view, but there is a sign, something more. I think the feature of the style is visible in the vigorous brushstrokes capable of interpreting reality. Color and not too defined signs tell a story.

This is what I like about the art of Romanticism. Then, of course, there are many elements related to the history of that period. I love to explore the most important event of Italian unity. Also, I like to see in the paintings how Italy was at that time. The same feelings, especially talking about techniques, come from the sculpture. If you want to see art in Italy you have a lot of opportunities. But I recommend you to explore the artworks of the 18th century.

Romance artists

If you like art visit Italy. Art of Romanticism has a huge collection spread in all the country. There are many museums that offer the view of great artworks to the visitors. Time to time in various Italian cities there are thematic exhibitions. I like them because they collect paintings and sculptures also from foreign museums and private collections. So it’s easy to see some artworks that are usually not visible to the public.

I will write more about some art galleries and museums. Because Italy can show you the best examples of the art of Romanticism. But now I want to share some pictures I took during my visits. So I let you enjoy them. Before I remind you that after finding a flight, maybe using some free miles obtained with your credit card, you can reserve a hotel and buy the tickets to enter the museum. Planning in advance will be useful especially if you want to see some temporary exposition because you will check the place and the dates.


                                          One of the famous “kiss” of the painter Hayez


In the painting, you can see the famous writer Alessandro Manzoni, one of the Italian literature icons


                                     This young girl represents Italy, that was born in 1861

I hope you enjoyed this post. If you want to read more about my art incursions, check out the dedicated section of my blog. Share this post and subscribe to my newsletter, you will get updates and extra contents.

Kruševo: a Macedonian surprise

I had the chance to visit the Republic of North Macedonia and especially Kruševo. Despite the business meeting, I could go a bit around. I want to post more articles because there are different places that I want to tell you about.

One of the villages that left me positively surprised. It is in a perfect location, from where to join a special panorama, but at a first look is just a little ensemble of old houses.

The village of Kruševo

Going around Kruševo it is easy to discover some pearls. Actually, it is well known for different reasons. The first one is because the village, less than 10.000 inhabitants, is the highest in Macedonia: 1250 meters above the sea level, then because it was a political entity proclaimed in 1903 when it became Republic as a consequence of a fight against Ottomans. Its life was short: from 3rd to 13th August 1903. Also, the contemporary national history made it famous: there is a museum dedicated to Todor “Toše” Proeski, a Macedonian singer died in 2007 (26 years old) in a car accident. He was very popular and for him, it was organized a state funeral.

Despite these aspects, I found many interesting attractions to see around Kruševo. First of all the village itself. Walking in the small streets is the first step to get inside the local atmosphere, where the time seems to be stopped. It is a quiet place, where old cars move around together with horses and donkeys. Life is going calm, but there is a space with some computers provided by the government where people can go to use the internet for free. So modernity is approaching the village.

                                                                                         Kruševo surroundings

The artist

There are a few attractions that I want to mention: the museum dedicated to Nikola Martinoski, the sanctuary and the lake. They made me fall in love with Kruševo. The art and nature show somehow the soul of the village and I was happy to go back there to spend a bit more time to explore the area and know better the place.

Nikola Martinoski was a painter lived between 1903 and 1973 and it is considered the founder of contemporary Macedonian art. He also spent two years in Paris where he studied at Académie de la Grande Chaumière. His paintings are wonderful artworks in an expressionistic style. With few lines and a good combination of colors, he was able to show the people and their life.

In each person painted it is possible to see how they feel, their condition. I did not know anything about this artist before but discovering that gallery I had the chance marvelous artworks. I have been twice and the first time I met a lady who speaks French, so it was easy to understand, meanwhile the second time there was a lady who speaks only Macedonian but anyway she wanted to take me in the different rooms and explain me all the paintings.

                                                                                          The gallery in Kruševo

The staff is very kind and in the museum, there are also some rooms to show how was the house in the past when the painter was alive. Some of the artworks are present also in the National Art Gallery in Skopje. But you can check out my other posts about the local attractions. I want to explain a lot about my last visit to the country.

The sanctuary

The sanctuary is between the village and the top of the hill where is a big cross made with iron, as in Skopje. It is a small monastery with a lovely church and spaces where groups can stay to eat and spend some time for their meetings. To manage all the structure there is a man who is the uncle of Todor “Toše” Proeski, or at least is what he says. For sure he is proud to show the room where his nephew was used to spend time when he was a child.

As I mentioned a few lines before in Kruševo there also the museum of the singer, with some of his objects. Then there is also a strange construction where it is located the Museum of National Liberation War with pictures and some objects to remind the victory against the Ottoman Empire. Also if it has lasted for a few days. In the village, there is also the museum of local history where it was rebuilt a bit the setting of the typical houses.

The lake

Now it is time to write about the third reason why I love this Macedonian village: the lake, called Gumenje. In general, it is never too crowded, but it is used for recreation and for fishing. From there it starts the Kruševo-Norovska river, but the main feature is the peace that each person can feel walking there. There is also a pathway with benches built to easily move around all the lake.

The water appears calm, the trees around are well cleaned and gives different colors reflected on the water. Autumn is surely the best season to see it. At the moment spent there I was totally surrounded by nature, almost in communication with it, the sky was closer, blue with some white clouds. A wonderful experience to reconcile with what matters in life.

Where to sleep, drink and eat

Who wants to sleep in Kruševo can book to Hotel Montana, a lovely four stars accommodation on the top of the hill, with wood from one side and the village from the other side. The panorama on the houses is really amazing. They have rooms with a balcony with the view. The structure is quite new, spacious and well equipped. The standards, according to Macedonian average ones, are high.

If you want to stop for a drink I suggest you visit one of the two bars in the main square. One is old and characteristic, with a nice balcony, but be careful because also the balcony is quite old too. The other one is more modern and with tables directly in the square. There are also some restaurants since it is a village for tourism, but I tried one: Kruševska odaja. It offers genuine local food prepared according to traditional recipes. The setting is really lovely with some traditional clothes on the walls.

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Check out Infobus website to plan the journey. The platform allows you to compare different solutions to reach the destination with a plane, a train or a bus. The company reserves some discounts for new clients.

Certosa di Pavia: 6 reasons to visit this beautiful place

I already wrote about one of the towns I love in Lombardy, Pavia. Well, a very few kilometers from there you can find a real jewel, one more: Certosa di Pavia. It is not only a church and a monastery. But it is a great example of the best religious architecture. It doesn’t matter if you are not Catholic or you don’t enter churches. Because in any case, you will be speechless in front of the art. I strongly recommend you to visit it if you are in Milan. You have to travel for less than 40 km. Passing by the highway or even via to local street (SP35).

Frescoes and sculptures are everywhere. The Certosa di Pavia has a beautiful church. But it is really suggestive the part with the cells and the cloister. Where friars sleep and pray. The visit is allowed in a huge part of the areas. At the end of the tour is a good habit to leave a tip to friars. They use the money for the restoration. As they do with the money earned selling jam, herbs and so on. The entire building is very well kept. Let’s see together the most important part of the attraction.

Certosa di Pavia in history

The first project of the Certosa di Pavia, with a Latin cross plan, bears the signature of Bernardo da Venezia. The same architect of the Duomo of Milan. Also, the customer was the same: Gian Galeazzo Visconti. The laying of the foundation stone in 1396, that of the last almost two centuries later. The count will never see his creature created: he died in 1402 and he is buried inside it.

Since the early stages of its life, the Certosa di Pavia was a monastery. It has hosted monks dedicated to prayer and work. After the Carthusians, Cistercians, and Carmelites, today the Cistercians are still involved in the management of the complex. They offer guided tours, they also do the sale of typical products and sacred articles. Their way of life is following the same rules of the past. Maybe that’s why to enter the place looks like to jump in the past.

Certosa di Pavia: what to see

It’s a Unesco Heritage, so you can really expect something wonderful. Let me tell you some more details about the art of Certosa di Pavia. A Renaissance-style vestibule leads to the church, with three naves accompanied by an apse and transept. Among the beautiful works of art of the Certosa di Pavia, frescoes and sculptures made by Bergognone and Mantegazza and immediately identifiable at first glance.

The façade was also beautiful, begun by Solari and completed by Briosco, the author of the portal. Clearly of Gothic origin, the upper part of the same was never completed and is richly decorated by the hand of Cristoforo Lombardo. To complete the complex they made two cloisters. This is what you can see outside, but there is more inside the monastery.

The Certosa di Pavia is a true concentration of paintings, frescoes and magnificent decorations. To see the polyptych by Perugino, the splendid figures on the walls of Guercino, Giovan Battista Carlone, Bergognone and Macrino d’Alba. The ivory triptych of Embriachi is splendid, signed by Baldassarre di Simone di Aliotto. In the presbytery, you can admire the frescoes by Crespi and Cerano, as well as in the transept, where the tomb of Gian Galeazzo is located. The tombs of Ludovico il Moro and Beatrice d’Este are also preserved in the Charterhouse.

The exposition

Then you can visit the museum. At the Certosa di Pavia, the artworks are also those exhibited in the rooms of the museum. The building is adjacent to the main body and set up in the halls of the Palazzo Ducale. You can visit the two sections available. The Gipsoteca is composed of more than 200 plaster casts, executed by Pietro and Edoardo Pierotti in various parts of the Certosa. On the upper floor, there are paintings and sculptures. Among which a splendid altarpiece of the Mountain stands out.

6 reasons to visit Certosa di Pavia

1It's one of the most fashionable Renessaince-style constructions
2It's located less than 40 km far from Milan
3There are no tickets to pay
4You can see sculptures, frescoes, paintings, and decorations made by the most important Italian artists of the past
5The Certosa di Pavia represents the typical life of a monastery
6You can explore the history of Lombardy and of Italy, not only from the religious point of view


Enjoy the visit!

Van Dyck in Turin

In these days I had the chance to see marvelous paintings. I visited the exhibition dedicated to Van Dyck in Turin. The famous artist lived in the 17th century was doing portraits of many important people and of European royal families. Among those artworks, he did also some other masterpieces, where landscapes and people are combined in a triumph of colors and details. For instance, I love to see textiles with bright colors and folds. The colors give light to the Flemish paintings.

The Royal Palace of the city host the exposition, this event is in Galleria Sabauda. Entering the building you have to cross the courtyard and the beautiful park. It is like to go through history. Van Dyck in Turin offers a huge quantity of artworks. There are 45 canvases and 21 engravings, also one painting signed by Rubens. So we can consider it as an important exhibition. You can really go deep into the Flemish painter life. Also if you are not passionate about this artistic period.

Van Dyck in Turin: the world in one city

Antoon Van Dyck in Turin represents one of the best exhibition for the painter. The organizers collected a lot of artworks coming from museums, art galleries and private collections from all over the world. Paintings come mainly from Europe and the USA and they are very well selected. What I like also about this event is that they put together, for some of the masterpieces, more versions made by Van Dyck. He did it for different reasons, but it is nice to read their history and to know how he worked on some portraits. Therefore visit the exhibition is like a lesson.

Somehow we can say that he was, as a revolutionary artist about portraits, the precursor of the selfie. Of course, he was catching the others, but he worked a lot on the main aspects of the portrait. He took care of the pose of the character, the expression, the scenery, and the smallest details. Van Dyck in Turin can make visitor aware of the message given by a portrait. Because it is not only a way to see a face, but it is much more. With a picture or a painting, we show all that a person is.  You can admire his art and get inspiration for your selfies. So this is a way to read history or his artworks.